Ramnath Goenka was an Indian Business man, Goenka the renowned newspapre baron of india. He launched The Indian Express and created the Indian Express Group, with various English and regional language publications.
Ramnath Goenka was born in 3 April 1904 in Dildar Nagar village in Bihar. He completed his primary education in Varanasi. Goenka cames to the city of chennai to get aducated, He joined the business of his maternal uncles, Babu Prahlad Rai Dalmia and Babu Sagarmal Dalmia, in calcutta. In 1922, he moved to Madras as the agent for Sukhdevdoss Ramprasad. In 1925, Goenka entered into a business partnership with Murliprasad Mohanprasad of Hyderabad, India. In 1926, Goenka was also nominated as member of the Madras Legislative Council by the Governor. He got married to Moongibai in 1932. Goenka joined the Bombay Co. Ltd. as chief salesman, a post he held till the end of 1936.
In 1932, the loss-making Madras edition of The Free Press Journal, driving the delivery van himself to dispatch the papers. In 1936 and 1941 Goenka founded The Indian Express. Daily Tej partnered with Goenka to publish Indian News Chronicle, an English daily, from New Delhi in 1948. Upon independence he was nominated as a member to the Constituent Assembly of India. Goenka played a significant role during the "Emergency" in India and challenged Indira Gandhi. His critics believe that his passion for politics was the fire that led the newspapers from Indian Express Group on a blazing trail.
The Indian Express carried a series of articles against Reliance Industries and Ambani in which they claimed that Ambani was using unfair trade practices to maximise the profits. Rather than use his staff at The Indian Express to investigate the matter, At one point in time, Goenka was close to both Dhirubhai Ambani and Nusli Wadia. On many occasions, Goenka tried to intervene between these two warring factions and bring an end to their enmity. The dispute ended when Ambani suffered a stroke. While he was recovering in San Diego, his sons, Mukesh Ambani and Anil Ambani, managed his affairs. The battle between Wadia, Goenka and the Ambanis took a new direction and became a national crisis.
Goenka was alleged to have been close to nationalist organizations such as the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, He was said to be friendly to social activist Nanaji Deshmukh and the Rajmata of Gwalior Vijayaraje Scindia, both members of the RSS and the BJS. He was also close to Jayprakash Narayan and supported the latter to become PM in 1975. His most famous editor was Arun Shourie, who later became a BJP minister.
Goenka died in Mumbai on October 5, 1991.