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»Poet Celebrities Celebrity Details
NAGARJUN
Date of Birth 30-06-1911
Nationality Indian
Sunsign Cancer
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Nagarjun (Hindi:, Baba Nagarjun, Vaidya Nath Mishra, Yatri) (June 30, 1911 – November 4, 1998) was a major Hindi and Maithili poet who has also penned a number of novels, short stories, literary biographies and travelogues, and was known as Janakavi- the People's Poet.

Biography
Early life and education

Born Vaidya Nath Mishra, in 1911, into a Maithil Brahmin family in a small village of Satlakha in Madhubani District of Bihar, India, which was his mother's village, though his family belonged to Tarauni village in Darbhanga district, Bihar. He later converted to Buddhism and got the name Nagarjun. His mother died when he was only three, and his father being a vagabond himself, couldn't support him so young Vaidya Nath thrived on the support of his relatives, and the scholarships he won on the account of him being an exceptional student. Soon he became proficient in Sanskrit, Pali and Prakrit languages, which he first learnt locally and later at Varanasi and Calcutta, where he was also semi-employed, while pursuing his studies. Meanwhile he married Aparajita Devi and the couple had six children.


Career

He started his literary career with Maithili poems by the pen-name of Yatri in early 1930s. By mid 1930s, he started writing poetry in Hindi. His first permanent job of a full time teacher, took him to Saharanpur (Uttar Pradesh), though he didn't stay there for long as his urge to delve deeper into Buddhist scriptures, took him to the Buddhist monastery at Kelaniya, Sri Lanka, where in 1935, he became a Buddhist monk, as needed to enter the monastery and study the scriptures, just as his mentor, Rahul Sankrityayan had done earlier, and hence took upon the name "Nagarjun". While at the monastery, he also studied Leninism and Marxism ideologies, before returning to India in 1938 to join 'Summer School of Politics' organized by noted peasant leader, Swami Sahajanand Saraswati, founder of Kisan Sabha. A wanderer by nature, Nagarjun spent a considerable amount of his time in the 30s and the 40s traveling across India.He also participated in many mass-awakening movements before and after independence. Between 1939 and 1942, He was jailed by the British courts for leading a farmer's agitation in Bihar. For a long time after independence he was involved with journalism.He played an active role in Jaya Prakash Narayan's movement prior to the emergency period (1975–1977), and therefore was jailed for eleven months, during the emergency period. He was strongly influenced by Leninist-Marxist ideology. This was one of the reasons that he never found patronage from the mainstream political establishments.

Awards

Nagarjun was given the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1969 for his historic book Patarheen Nagna Gachh, and the 'Bharat Bharati Award' by the Uttar Pradesh government for his literary contributions in 1983.He was also honored by the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship, India's highest literary award for lifetime achievement, in 1994.
Major literary works


Poetry

    Yugdharao
    Satrange Pankhon Wali
    Talab ki Machhliyan
    Khichri Viplava Dekha Humne
    Hazar Hazar Bahon Wali
    Purani Juliyon Ka Coras
    Tumne Kaha Tha
    Akhir Aisa Kya Kah Diya Maine
    Is Gubare Ki Chhaya Mein.
    Yhe Danturit Muskan
    Mein Military Ka Boodha Ghoda
    Ratnagarbha
    Aise bhi hum kya
    Bhool jao purane sapne
    Apne Khet Mein Chandana

Novels

    Rati Nath Ki Chachi
    Balachnama
    Baba Bateshar Nath
    Nai Paudh
    Varun Ke Bete
    Dukh Mochan
    Ugratara
    Jamania Ka Baba
    Kumbhi Pak
    Paro and Asman Mein Chanda Tare.
    Abhinandan
    Imaratia


Essay collections

    Ant Hinam Kriyanam.
    Bum Bholenath
    Ayodhya ka Raja

Maithili works

    Patrahin Nagna Gachh (collection of poems)
    citra(collection of poems)
    paro(novel)
    navturiya(novel)
    balchnma(novel)

His work on culture has been published in the form of books entitled Desh Dashkam and Krishak Dashkam.

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