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Date of Birth 26-03-1906
Nationality Indian
Sunsign Aries
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Mahadevi Varma (Hindi: , 26 March 1906 – September 11, 1987) best known as an outstanding Hindi poet, was a freedom fighter, woman s activist and educationist from India. She is widely regarded as the "modern Meera" . She was a major poet of the Chhayavaad generation, a period of romanticism in Modern Hindi poetry ranging from 1914-1938. With passage of time, her limited but outstanding prose has been recognised as unique in Hindi Literature. She was a prominent poet in Hindi Kavi sammelans (Gatherings of poets).

She was the Principal, and then the Vice Chancellor of Prayag Mahila Vidyapeeth, a woman s residential college in Allahabad. She was awarded India s highest literary award, for lifetime achievement, the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship in 1979, followed by the Jnanpith Award in 1982.She was the recipient of the Padma Vibhushan, India s second-highest civilian award, in 1988.


Mahadevi was born in Farrukhabad, United Provinces in a family of lawyers. She was educated at Jabalpur- Madhya Pradesh. She was the eldest child of Govindprasad and Hemrani and had two brothers and a sister, Shyama. She was married in 1914 with Dr Swarup Narain Varma in Indore at a tender age of 7. She stayed with her parents while her husband studied in Lucknow to complete his education, during which time, she received her higher education at the Allahabad University and passed her B.A. examination in 1929 and completed her Master s degree-M.A. in Sanskrit in 1933. She later joined her husband in the princely state of Tamkoi around 1920 and later moved to Allahabad to pursue her interest in poetry with agreement from her husband, as she refused to accept her marriage with him in childhood. Mahadevi Varma and her husband mostly lived separately pursuing their respective interests and used to meet occasionally.

Early Life

In her childhood biography Mere Bachpan Ke Din(My Childhood Days), Mahadevi Verma has written that at a time when a girl child was considered a burden upon the family, she was very fortunate to be born into a liberal family. Her grandfather had the ambition of making her a scholar; her mother was fluent in Sanskrit and Hindi, and very religious. Mahadevi credits her mother for inspiring her to write poems, and to take an interest in literature.Mahadevi was originally admitted to a Convent school, but upon protests and an unwilling attitude, she took admission in Crosthwaite Girls College in Allahabad. According to Mahadevi, she learnt the strength of unity in the hostel at Crosthwaite, where students of different religions lived together and the mess was also according to the religious requirement. Mahadevi started to write poems secretly; but upon discovery of her hidden stash of poems by her room-mate and senior Subhrada Kumari (known in the school for writing poems), her hidden talent was exposed. Mahadevi and Subhrada now started to write poems together in their free time.


Mahadevi is considered to be one of the four major poets of the Chhayavaadi school of the Hindi literature, others being Suryakant Tripathi Nirala , Jaishankar Prasad and Sumitranandan Pant. She was also a noted painter. She drew a number of illustrations for her poetic works like Hindi and Yama.Her other works include short stories such as Gillu  which talks about her experience with a squirrel. Mahadevi Varma is also known for her childhood memoir, Mere Bachpan Ke Din, which was inducted into the syllabus of India s Central Board of Secondary Education for the 9th grade.


Her poems have been published under a number of other titles as well, but they contain the poems from these collections only. They include:

    Neehar (1930)
    Rashmi (1932)
    Neeraja (1934)
    Sandhyageet ()
    Deepshikha (1939)
    Agnirekha (1990, published after her death)

    Awards and honours

Mahadevi Varma s creative talents and sharp intellect soon earned her a prominent place in the Hindi Literary world. She is considered among the four pillars of the Chaayavad movement. In 1934, she received Sekseriya Puraskar from the Hindi Sahitya Sammelan for her work, Niraja. Her poetry collection (Yama, ????-1936) received the Jnanpith Award, one of the highest Indian literary awards.She also Honored with “Proud Past Alumni" in the list of 42 members, from "Allahabad University Alumni Association", NCR, Ghaziabad (Greater Noida) Chapter 2007-2008 registered under society act 1860 with registration no. 407/2000 In 1956, the Government of India bestowed her with Padma Bhushan, India s third-highest civilian award. She was the first woman to be awarded the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship, in 1979. In 1988, Indian Government bestowed her with Padma Vibhushan, the second-highest civilian award.

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