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»Poet Celebrities Celebrity Details
BANKIM CHANDRA CHATTERJEE
Date of Birth 26-06-1838
Nationality Indian
Sunsign Cancer
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Rishi Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay (Bengali:  Bôngkim Chôndro Chôttopaddhae) (26 June 1838 – 8 April 1894) was a famous Bengali writer, poet and journalist. He was the composer of India’s national song Vande Mataram, originally a Bengali and Sanskrit stotra personifying India as a mother goddess and inspiring the activists during the Indian Freedom Movement. Bankim Chandra wrote 13 novels and several ‘serious, serio-comic, satirical, scientific and critical treaties’ in Bengali. His works were widely translated into other regional languages of India as well as in English.Bankim Chandra was born to an orthodox Brahmin family at Kanthalpara, North 24 Parganas. He was educated at Hoogly College and Presidency College, Calcutta. He was one of the first graduates of the University of Calcutta. From 1858, until his retirement in 1891, he served as a deputy magistrate and deputy collector in the Government of British India. Bankim Chandra is widely regarded as a key figure in literary renaissance of Bengal as well as India. Some of his writings, including novels, essays and commentaries, were a breakaway from traditional verse-oriented Indian writings, and provided an inspiration for authors across India.When Bipin Chandra Pal decided to start a patriotic journal in August 1906, he named it Vande Mataram, after Bankim Chandra s song. Lala Lajpat Rai also published a journal of the same name

Early life and background

Bankim Chandra was born in the village Kanthalpara in the district of North 24 Parganas, Near Naihati,in an orthodox Bengali Brahmin family, the youngest of three brothers, to Yadav (or Jadab) Chandra Chattopadhyaya and Durgadebi. His family was orthodox, and his father, a government official who went on to become the Deputy Collector of Midnapur. One of his brothers, Sanjeeb Chandra Chattopadhyay, was also a novelist and his known for his famous book "Palamau".He was educated at the Hooghly Collegiate School in Hugli-Chinsura and later at the Presidency College, graduating with a degree in Arts in 1857. He was one of the first two graduates of the University of Calcutta  He later obtained a degree in Law as well, in 1869.He was appointed as Deputy Collector, just like his father, of Jessore, Chattopadhyay went on to become a Deputy Magistrate, retiring from government service in 1891. His years at work were peppered with incidents that brought him into conflict with the ruling British. However, he was made a Companion, Order of the Indian Empire in 1894.


Literary career

Bankim Chandra, following the model of Ishwarchandra Gupta, began his literary career as a writer of verse. His majestic talents showed him other directions, and turned to fiction. His first attempt was a novel in Bengali submitted for a declared prize. He did not win the prize, and the novelette was never published. His first fiction to appear in print was Rajmohan s Wife. It was written in English and was probably a translation of the novelette submitted for the prize. Durgeshnondini, his first Bengali romance and the first ever novel in Bengali, was published in 1865.Kapalkundala (1866) is Chattopadhyay s first major publication. The heroine of this novel, named after the mendicant woman in Bhavabhuti s Malatimadhava, is modelled partly after Kalidasa s Shakuntala and partly after Shakespeare s Miranda. However, the partial similarities are only inferential analysis by critics, and Chattopadhyay s heroine may be completely his original. He had chosen Dariapur in Contai Subdivision as the background of this famous novel.


Personal life

He was married at a very young of age of eleven, he had a son from his first wife, she died in 1859. He later married Rajalakshmi Devi. They had three daughters.


Quotes

    Once Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, playing on the meaning of Bankim (Bent A Little), asked him what it was that had bent him. Bankim Chandra jokingly replied that it was the kick from the Englishman s shoe for he was a well known critique of the British and he used his excellent sense of humour and comedy to do so.
    After the Vishabriksha (The Poison Tree) was published in 1873, The Times of London mentioned :

   

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