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Date of Birth 13-09-1904
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Jatindra Nath Das (born 13 September 1929), also known as Jatin Das, was an Indian freedom fighter and revolutionary. He died in Lahore jail after a continuous hunger strike for 63 days and it shocked the whole of India. Jatin Das is the only person to fast to death before Indian independence, Potti Sreeramulu fasted to death for a separate Andhra after independence. (in 1952)

 Early life

Jatindra Nath Das was born in a Bengali kayastha family in 1904 at Calcutta. He had joined the Anushilan Samiti, a revolutionary outfit in Bengal, at a young age. He also participated in Gandhis Non Cooperation movement in 1921.In November 1925, while studying for a B.A. at Vidyasagar College in Calcutta, Jatindra Nath was arrested for his political activities and was imprisoned at the Mymensingh Central Jail. While being interned there, he went on a hunger strike to protest the ill treatment meted out to the political prisoners. After fasting for 20 days, the Jail Superintendent apologised and he gave up the fast. He was contacted by revolutionaries in other parts of India and agreed to participate in bomb making for Bhagat Singh and comrades.On 14 June 1929 he was arrested for revolutionary activities and was imprisoned in Lahore jail to be tried under the supplementary Lahore Conspiracy Case.The hunger strike In the Lahore jail, Jatin Das started a hunger strike along with other revolutionary fighters, demanding equality for Indian prisoners and undertrials. The conditions of Indian inhabitants of the jails was deplorable the jail uniforms that they were provided with were not washed since several days, the kitchen area and the food was covered with rats and cockroaches, they were not provided with any reading material-no newspapers, no paper, while the condition of the English prisoners in the same jail was strikingly different.The memorable hunger strike started on 13 July 1929 and lasted 63 days.The jail authority took many measures to forcibly feed Jatin Das and the other freedom fighters, beat them and did not even provide them with drinking water. However, Jatindra did not eat. The jail committee recommended his unconditional release, but the government rejected the suggestion and offered to release him on bail. Jatin died on September 13, 1929, his hunger strike unbroken for 63 days. As his body was carried from Lahore to Kolkata by train, thousands of people rushed to every station to pay their homage to the martyr. A two-mile long procession in Kolkata carried the coffin to the cremation ground.The hunger strike of Jatin Das in prison was one crucial moment in the resistance against illegal detentions.After his death, the Viceroy informed London.

In popular Culture

In the movie The Legend of Bhagat Singh(2002),the character of Jatin Das was played by Amitabh Bhattacharjee.

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